Sunday, May 24, 2020
The impact greek and roman culture had on western civilization The ancient Greeks and Romans were two of the greatest civilizations of the ancient world. The two civilizations thrived in their ancient environments which eventually led to a large amount of wealth within these two cultures. It is because of this that these ancient cultures were able to make a variety of advancements in literature, architecture, art and many other fields. These two civilizations also produced some of the ancient worldÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest leaders and philosophers. The cultures of ancient Greece and Rome made many contributions to western civilization in the form of advancements in literature, architecture, art, government, and philosophy. The ancient Greeks and RomansÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Architecture played a role in both the religion and daily life of ancient Greek society. The Greeks produced some of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s strongest architectural monuments, many of which are still standing today. These include the Temple of Zeus, and the Temple of Poseidon. Probably one of the largest contributions of the ancient Greeks to western civilization in regard to architecture was their development of the three fundamental architectural systems of design, the Doric, Iconic, and Corinthian orders. The following excerpt from an article published by The Metropolitan Museum of Art describes the lasting influences of these three orders of Greek architecture, Ã¢â¬Å"Ancient Greek architects strove for the precision and excellence of workmanship that are the hallmarks of Greek art in general. The formulas they invented as early as the sixth century B.C. have influenced the architecture of the past two millenniaÃ¢â¬ (Hemin gway). All of these three ancient Greek orders of architecture can still be seen today in famous national monuments such as the White House, the Lincoln Memorial, and Monticello. The Romans also made many contributions to western civilization in architecture. Some of the Romans most important developments in the field of architecture include the development of the arch, the vault, and concrete. The most notable of these was concrete because that revolutionized building. The following excerpt from an article published byShow MoreRelatedGreat Builders of Rome Essay596 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesGreat Builders of Rome The Ancient Roman culture had a direct impact on how we view art, literature, architecture, education and religion. Early Roman civilizations were very sophisticated and idealistic. They build great architectural buildings and performed famous playwrights at these ancient places. Romans were considered to most advanced civilization of their time. With beautiful statues, well designed buildings, and some of the greatest philosophers came from Rome. One of theRead MoreRoman Empire : The Greatest Social And Political Center Of Western Civilization1478 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespolitical center in western civilization. The empire survived for about 500 years, from 31 BCE to 476 CE. The land under Roman rule surrounded the Mediterranean Sea; its territory reached from Europe to the western part of the Middle East to the northern part of Africa. As Kathryn Hinds said in The Ancient Romans, Ã¢â¬Å"Ancient Rome has always been famous for its great achievements in architecture and engineeri ng.Ã¢â¬ Roman architecture eventually became its own distinct style. Although Greek culture and architectureRead More Greeks and romans Essay1008 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Three ancient civilizations contributed most to Western society. These ancient cultures were the Romans, Greeks, and Judeo-Christians. Although all three had a major impact on our life today in areas such Philosophy, Art, Architecture, Education, Military, Family Life, Government, and many more, it is evident that the Roman civilization has impacted Western Society beyond the other two. But to come to this conclusion you must first look at all aspects of life of all three cultures. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;TheRead More Contributions to Western Civilization Made by Ancient Greece and Rome2004 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe ancient Greeks and Romans were perhaps two of the greatest civilizations of the ancient world. These two civilizations thrived in their ancient environments which eventually led to a vast amount of prosperity within these two cultures. It is because of this prosperity that these ancient cultures were able to make a variety of advancements in literature, architecture, art and a variety of other fields. These two civilizations also produced some of the ancient worldÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest writers, leadersRead MoreCultural, Economical, Religious, And Political Contributions847 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCultural, economical, religious, and political contributions made by both Ancient Greece, 800 B.C - 500 B.C , and Ancient Rome, 31 BCE Ã¢â¬â 476 CE, assisted in the development of western culture. Albeit Rome embraced and developed some characteristics of Greek culture, they still made prominent contributions of their own. Rome and Greece contributed Christianity, Philosophy, The Republic, and Literature. At the time, Roman religion was centered on gods and the interpretation of why things were theRead MoreAncient Greece s Influence On Western Civilization2158 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesMuch can be said about the Greeks and their contribution to Western Civilization greatly and how they paved the way. The Greeks subsidized Western Civilization greatly, contributing areas of architecture, government, and many more. The Greeks built the Parthenon, a temple dedicated the infamous goddess Athena, who they viewed as there patron. The famous temple has columns and groundwork that characterizes Greek architecture. The architects were concerned with conducting a sense of perfect balanceRead MoreLatin Language Is Not Dead Essay769 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesother languages such as French, Spanish, and Italian. Latin is not the language you speak with your friends, but it has had a bigger impact on you than you think. Latin is still taught in schools even though itÃ¢â¬â¢s not anyones native language anymore. There are many uses for Latin, so learning Latin does have advantages. One advantage is it lets you read classic literature without translation into another language. The good part about that is you can read everything because some words do not translateRead MoreAncient Greece, Rome, And Persian Essay2093 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesdistinctive and fascinating civilization. From the information I have learned through the semester will help me sharply juxtapose the cultures. Western civilization was the birthplace of Ancient Greek Culture (Athens University 2010). Many magnificent achievements in areas of government, science, philosophy and the arts that still influence our lives produce Ancient Greece (Athens University 2010). Continuing most notably into Classical Greece, through the influence of the Roman Empire and its successorRead MoreEarly Church3343 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesaround 200 BC. Under Constantine Ist (306-337) he moved the capital to Byzantine, renamed Constantinople. Theodosius(379-395) last ruler of the united empire. From 376-410 the Goths (Ostrogoths and Visigoths, later) attacked and sacked Rome. Last Western emperor abdicated in 476. What was the downfall of the Roman Empire? * The invading army reached the outskirts of Rome, which had been left totally undefended. In 410 C.E., the Visigoths, led by Alaric, breached the walls of Rome and sackedRead MoreEssay on Renaissance Art1826 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesits ideas scholars valued classical texts on their own terms, not merely as justifications of Christianity (Cole 56). The study of ancient literature, history, and moral philosophy was meant to produce free and educated citizens, rather than priests and monks (Cole 57). Classical manuscripts such as the dialogues of Greek philosopher Plato and the works of the Greek dramatists were rediscovered and critically edited for the first time. These activities and other humanistic studies and artistic
Monday, May 18, 2020
Many people have different views of the government and will base it off religion, family, or friends. I have created 10 questions that I have asked two adults from different generations about their views on government and what effect those views. The two that I have interviewed answered completely different from each other. The first question I asked both of them was: How has the social and political events in your life affect you? One answered Ã¢â¬Å"They haven t affected me in any way. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t pay attention to themÃ¢â¬ . He was younger generation. The other responded with a more detailed answer. His answer was more of what I was expecting to get from the question. He answered with: Ã¢â¬Å"When I was young it was something that bonded my family. But as I got older we had different views and the differenceÃ¢â¬â¢s made us even more closeÃ¢â¬ . The second question I had asked was Ã¢â¬Å"How has the educational purposes and learning changed your perspective?Ã¢â¬ Both an swers were similar. The first guy answered Ã¢â¬Å"They have changed the way I do my job and perspective on being a teacher.Ã¢â¬ . The other answered Ã¢â¬Å"I think that it made me more aware of other perspectives of different groups making me see things a little different.Ã¢â¬ . Both answers were similar because they were both affected by medications and even learning from others. Number 3, Ã¢â¬Å"Has the new ways of social media impact change on how you see the government? Both had answered differently once again. The first one was Ã¢â¬Å"Nope, I could careless whatShow MoreRelatedAdult Learning: Malcolm Knowles Essay1065 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmedium through which adult learning can be facilitated. It is essentially a humanistic educational process that values the individual learner. The powerful relationship between the instructor and student does not compromise educational values and learning expectations. Andragogy adds to the cognitive, affective, interpersonal and psychomotor domains of adult learners in order to bring about transformation. Knowless version of andragogy presents the individual learner as one who is autonomous, free, andRead MoreCapstone Course : Learning On Structuring A Business1163 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Capstone Experience gave me a positive perspective in learning on structuring a business. I was hesitant throughout my sessions o n how to proceed; however, after researching the web and corresponding with the session requirements, I was able to gain and improve a new insight of knowledge. I appreciated the diverse topics that the Capstone course presented. I agreed with the assignments for each session. What I disagreed with was not having thread discussions (besides session 8). In the past,Read MoreStudent Development And How Theory Has Evolved Over The Years.799 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe first two chapters of this book set the background for student development and how theory has evolved over the years. As time passed and college student demographics changed, new ideas and views were developed to understand the ever changing student body. Theorists realized that the college experience was different between demographic groups. Being able to develop student affairs practices and activities that can reach the different student groups is probably the biggest challenge a student affairsRead MoreThe Importance Of The Apn Professional Development Plan1705 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe purpose of the APN professional development plan is to apply skills and knowledge attained for individual and professional growth. The professional development plan is a strategy to ensure the promotion of excellence in APN practice as well as a continuation to strengthen advanced nursing practice throughout the career. Creation of a development plan will help you advance in a particular goal, objective, or position. There is an ever-increasing need for APNs to keep learning and keep up withRead MoreImpact Of Technology On Higher Education1257 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesQuality of learningÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...3 3. Negative aspects of TechnologyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦....4 4. Internet and educationÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.4 5. ConclusionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.5 Technology Impact on Higher Education Introduction Technology in the past few years have been developing and innovating itself by every day, With companies making use of these technologies and producing cost effective products to reach all range of people. Technology has become an extra limb, which has changed the wayRead MoreMy Education Philosophy 1511 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPersonal Mission Statement Education is the imparting and acquiring of knowledge and skills through teaching and learning. As an educator, my personal mission statement is to master my subject area in order to serve as a role model for my students thereby producing students who thoroughly understand the subject matter, and who develop holistically. In order to achieve this goal I must have a set education philosophy with a strong Christian worldview. I must also have a general understanding of theRead MorePublic Administration And The Non Profit Sector Essay721 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages1. What is your Ã¢â¬Å"generalÃ¢â¬ location? I reside in South Los Angeles, California. 2. What is your current profession and describe your work responsibilities? I currently work as a temporary receptionist at Children s Institute, Inc. (CII). As a receptionist, I mostly provide the day to day administration of CII front desk reception and informed parents about our Head Start program. CII is a non-profit organization, and offers many programs and services such as early childhood programs, youth growthRead MoreMy Community Outreach Program For The Northeast Texas Public Health District1331 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesConduct informal counseling and educational sessions with individuals, families, and community groups. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Organize community events for purposes of developing community capacity for change. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Describe the elements of community development. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Participate in community based outreach activities to gain a better understanding of organizing community events. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Understand what steps can assist in building commitment in participating individuals. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Describe privacy rights and your responsibility for safeguardingRead MoreApplying Learning Theory Of Life1507 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesApplying Learning Theory to Life Kristen Lewis PSY331: Psychology of Learning Nina Dulabaum 2 Feb 2015 Introduction: Learning can be defined as a lasting change in behavior of an entity that is down to the experience gained by the entity. The basic purpose of this paper is to apply the learning principles to by presenting and teaching the information to others in the workforce, to help people learn in the best way. We have to choose the best methods and best principles of learning, to makeRead MoreThe Philosophy Of English 101881 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThroughout my educational years, I had only done writings that involves in small research papers, MLA style essays, and summary essays. However, English 101 has given me a new way to look at my writing skills. Most of the writings I have been doing so far in this course were interpretative essays where we interpreted and reflected on otherÃ¢â¬â¢s writing and then reflecting back to ours own writing. This class also has given me the opportunity to work with my classmates and a chance to discuss about the
Thursday, May 14, 2020
nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;George Washington Carver nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;George Washington Carver was born during the civil war years on a Missouri farm near Diamond Grove, Newton Country in Marion, Township Missouri. Even Carver himself was uncertain of his own birth date. In early manhood he thought that he was born in the year of 1865. On other occasions Carver noted that his birth came Ã¢â¬Å"near the end of the civil warÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"just as freedom was declared Ã¢â¬Å". nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Carver was a brilliant man who received a bachelors and a masters degree from Iowa Agriculture College. He became a teacher at Iowa AgriculturalÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The area were Carver grew up in Missouri was made nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; into a park. This park was the first designated national monument to an African American in the history of the United States. He was given an honorary doctorate from Simpson College in 1923. He was made a member of the royal society of arts in London, England. He received many awards for his great discoveries and products. His greatest award was the Spingarn metal in 1923, which is given away every year by the National Association for the Advancement of colored People. The Spingarn metal is awarded to the black person who has made the greatest contribution to the advancement of his race. Carver died of anemia at Tuskegee Institute on January 5, 1943 and was buried on campus next to Booker T. Washington. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;George Washington Carver always thought that his father was a slave who lived on a neighboring farm who was killed in a log-hauling accident shortly after George was born. Carver had a brother named Jim Carver. Bandits kidnapped their mother Mary Carver when George was fairly young. Susan and Moses Carver raised George from he was young. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;George Washington Carver captured the imagination of the American peopleShow MoreRelated George Washington Carver Essay621 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages George Washington Carver George Washington Carver was born in Diamond Grove, Missouri during the spring of 1864 or 1865. Like many slaves, he was uncertain of his birth date. His mother, Mary, was a slave who belonged to Moses and Susan Carver. As an infant, slave raiders kidnapped his mother. The childless carvers reared George and his older brother, James. Growing up, George was captivated by plants. Many neighbors referred to him as the Ã¢â¬Å"Plant DoctorÃ¢â¬ . Since Carver was an African AmericanRead MoreFacts on George Washington Carver 576 Words Ã |Ã 2 Pages Facts on George Washington Carver At the age of 14 George Washington Carver witnessed a black man being drug out into the streets to be hung and burned. At the time when African Americans were looked down upon George Washington Carver was a very successful with what he did in Ag and science. When George Washington Carver was a small child he was abandoned by his biological parents and left on the lawn of his adopted parents house. George Washington Carver had a rough childhood and he wasRead MoreEssay on George Washington Carver1242 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGeorge Washington Carver was born into slavery January of 1860 on the Moses Carver plantation in Diamond Grove, Missouri. He spent the first year of his life, the brutal days of border war, between Missouri and neighboring Kansas. George was a very sickly child with a whooping cough, which later lead to his speech impediment, and he was tiny and puny. Georges father, James Carver, died in a wood hauling accident when he was bringing wood to his masters house one day. George was sick a great dealRead More George Washington Carver Essay1774 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages George Washington Carver was a African American scientist who showed many intriguing thoughts of nature throughout his life span of being one of the most dedicated scientist. George was born in Diamond Missouri, but his exact date of birth is not known by people. Never the less, one of the most remark able inventors was born. Many people speculate that he was born sometime in January in 1964, while others believe he was born in June. George was born as a small and weak baby, and he had his firstRead MoreGeorge Washington Carver Difficult Path to Great Accomplishments565 Words Ã |Ã 2 Pages George Washington Carver was born on July 12, 1864, during the Civil War, in Diamond Grove, Missouri. He was one of many children born to Mary and Giles, an enslaved couple owned by Moses Carver. Just a week after his birth, George was kidnapped along with his sister and mother. All of the three were sold in Kentucky, and among them the only who was located was infant George by an agent of Moses Carver, whom then returned George back to Missouri. Moses Carver and his wife, Susan, keptRead MoreBenjamin Franklin And George Washington Carver1958 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesConstitution or finding new uses for a farm product, they all come together to benefit the history of the United States of America. Benjamin Franklin and George Washington Carver were one of many to succeed in such progression. They helped shape the United States through their outstanding accomplishments in their innovative ideas and values. Franklin and Carver were both intelligent and prolific scientist and inventors. They often focused their works on what they stood for. Both men shared the profound valueRead MoreThe Ghost1265 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNate and hunched her shoulder then took a seat in an old ladder-back chair. When I mentioned to your granddad that my schools biology department has launched a campaign to collect all known writing of George Washington Carver, he invited me to look through these old books. George Washington Carver was a botanist, Nate said, joining Will on the floor. Not a writer. He taught at Tuskegee Institute. He must have left behind some writings on farming, as well as documentation of his research,Read MoreAnalysis Of George Washington Carver s The Golden Door Of Freedom 1736 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGeorge Washington Carver once said Ã¢â¬Å"Education is the key to unlock the golden door of freedom.Ã¢â¬ Freedom can be defined in various ways by different people. To many immigrants, America is often seen as that opportunity of freedom, the freedom to learn, the freedom to love, and even just the freedom to exist. In this paper, I will put into words the story behind a second generation female immigrantÃ¢â¬â¢s experiences. By using various articles and notes given in class, I will talk about her and her familyÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreThe History of Art at Iowa State University Essay776 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescampus public art collections in the United States. There are over 2,000 works of public art (George Washington Carver). The foundation of the contempora ry Art on Campus Collection and Program began during the Depression in the 1930s, when Iowa States President Hughes envisioned that, The arts would enrich and provide substantial intellectual exploration into our college curriculaÃ¢â¬ (George Washington Carver). Who doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t love art? Every day you wake up and experience some sort of artwork; whetherRead MoreLeadership Management Paper W1 LDR 3001045 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesyoung age, George Washington Carver took a strong grip on his destiny. This dynamic leader prevailed over getting born without a name into slavery, overcoming poverty, and prejudice to commit his life in helping others achieve a better livelihood. Through his actions, he was able to earn high levels of respect of self-worth, dignity, honor, and infinite achievement. Booker T. Washington was the first president and principal of the Tuskegee Institute in 1896. Booker T. Washington sent an invitation
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Why did Karl Marx regard the working class to be the only revolutionary class under capitalism? By Kevin O Connor Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Working men of all countries, unite!- Communist Manifesto Chapter 4 (Ref. 1) In the communist manifesto, Marx divides society into two main classes, the bourgeoisie, who are the owners of the means of production and employers of wage labourers, and the wage labourers themselves, the proletariat working class. The bourgeoisie, he claims, by their very capitalist nature, exploit the proletariat workers by unfairly controlling the wealth and means of production, thus forcing theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦5) Should a revolution occur, this class would most certainly not be the catalyst for such an event, they would merely join the revolution as a response to what was occurring around them at the time, not realising that the revolution is in their best interest, in fact this class would benefit as much, if not more, from the revolution as the proletarians. After the revolution, they would have a second chance to join civilised society, the new equal society. Although some within this class would see the revolution merely as a chance to take advantage of the l ack of law and order due to the transition into the new society and use this opportunity to commit crimes and other malicious acts, thus hindering the revolution. Perhaps if this class, who are predominantly made up of social outcasts and misfits, realised that their position in society is merely a product of the capitalist regime, then they would be the driving force behind the revolution but they possess neither the means nor the organisation that the proletarians do and therefore this must mean that the proletarians are the only revolutionary class. It may seem that I have come to this conclusion, that the proletarians are the only revolutionary class, merely through the process of elimination, ruling out every other class, but logically Marx is right, the proletarians have the most to gain and almost nothing to lose through revolution. The proletarians, who are forced to sell their labour to the
Essays on Gender, Governance and the Global Political economy by Penny Griffin Book Report/Review The paper "Gender, Governance and the Global Political economy by Penny Griffin" is a wonderful example of a book review on social science. In this work, the aims at shedding light on governance issues in the global economy. The work is also directed towards scrutinizing the possibility of neo-liberalism in liberating the global economy. Griffin (pp.86) indicates that empowering society emanates from the implementation of global governance mechanisms. The mobilization of the global economy, in this case, is much more concerned with mobilizing women towards contributing to the societyÃ¢â¬â¢s economy. Women need to be motivated positively to contribute to society, especially in third world countries. In a real sense, it is believed that with women incorporated into the economy, there is a great likelihood that they will actively enhance the economy in a formal way. Formality, in relation to Griffin (pp.86), will reduce the chances that women will feel undermined in terms of their con tribution to the economy. This interprets that women will feel that their energies contribute positively to economic growth. In essence, this work aims at weighing the difference in the amount of effort dedicated by both men and women in an attempt to check if there is much difference between the genders.Ã In the event of the assessing applied by both men and women, the economy will be better as compared to a situation where the men are considered to be the major stakeholders in advancing the economy. If the women are made to feel that their contribution is much appreciated, they are bound to contribute more. In the third world countries, for instance, a great percentage of the women in these countries in the countries are the most affected by poverty. In this case, they will be emancipated by poverty and will be more mobilized into devising more productive means of having income. This is an elucidation of the fact that the percentage of the poor in the society, the women, is geared towards the development of the economy.
Question: Describe about the Personnel Management for International Flight Operations. Answer: Introduction The organization here, envisioned for the study of various areas of the Personnel management is the Singapore Airlines. This organization is a huge brand in Singapore with international and national flight operations in different Airports. Singapore airlines are headquartered in Singapore. This airline has achieved high significance and awards from the tourism departments and has provided efficient services to the customers (Anyim et al, 2012). The company developed strategies for low cost flight carriers and efficiently attracted the customers. Since 2011, the company faced some losses and initiated a turnourd plan to recover from these losses in 2013. Job Analysis, job description and job specification The job analysis for Singapore airlines includes the various jobs and designations incorporated in the company. Being an airlines company, the organization hires for multiple roles and positions. The jobs and positions for which the company hires are the cabin crew, the pilots, the ground staff, the airline managers, marketing managers etc (Katou Budhwar, 2006). As a HR manager, the duties would include the identification of the positions which requires new candidates, the number of vacancies, the selection of right candidate for the correct position, creating an effective and quick recruitment process, training and development of the candidates, the wages and documentation of the employees etc. The most common designations for which the airlines companies hire employees and the detailed description of the role are as follows (Izueke, 2009). Role: Cabin Crew The cabin crew is generally the flight stewards and stewardesses, the airhostesses, the lead hostess, pilot etc. The cabin crew manages the complete process of customer care during the flight (Istvn, 2010). The cabin crew is responsible to take care of the customers and travelers by presenting the services like meals, guidance regarding the travel, assistance etc. The management of the flight is the overall responsibility of the cabin crew. From the welcome of the guests to the entire process of serving them, everything is handled by the cabin crew. The role and responsibilities of a cabin crew includes serving the customers with the best services. The cabin crew checks the tickets and the boarding passes, gets the luggage settled, guides the passengers regarding the sitting arrangement, provides meals and beverages to the passengers, guides regarding the usage of the tools and equipments in the flight and after the departure of the passengers, settles the and manages flight. These a re the duties and roles of the cabin crew. The designation of the HR Manager is filled with huge responsibilities and tasks. It is very important to identify the correct employees for the vacancies in the company. It is the role of the HR manager to prepare a list of roles and responsibilities for a specific designation and to assign the duties (Gamage, 2014). This includes the smooth functioning of the company in terms of employees. It is very important to identify the need of the job. For example, the designation of a cabin crew would require a lot of attention and thus the duties and role of the HR manager in recruiting the cabin crew is quite significant. The HR manager needs to develop a complete recruitment process for hiring effective and reliable cabin crew. The HR manager can plan different assessment programs for hiring the cabin crew in various regions identifying the requirement of staff in various flights (Fagbamiye Durosaro, 2009). Job Design The job design is a very important aspect which must be considered in the organization for enriching and satisfying the needs of a job. An employee must be provided the scope and proper resources to fulfill the job requirements easily (Fidelity Bank Plc, 2013). The job design includes the planning of the roles and responsibilities and the resources used for the job. There are various factors which are included in the job design which are as follows: Work Design: The work design includes the duties and the responsibilities of the employees. The work design is the structure of the job role which has to be considered by the employee. The employee must have all the skills needed for the job role and must be proficient with all the skills and duties (Ezeali Esiagu, 2010). Effective cabin crew can be obtained by a successful and sequential planning and layout of recruitment. For example, if Singapore airlines require cabin crew for the flights from Singapore to London, then the HR manager must develop a job profile where the candidates are familiar with English language and can help the customers not local to Singapore. According to the flights and operations, if the job profile and criteria is given, than the recruitment would lead into a successful recruitment process and the desired candidates can be obtained. HR Planning: Every role or job needs a planning through which, the need of the designation is fulfilled. The HR planning includes the skills and requirement of the job, the roles and responsibility regarding discussions, the goal setting, the duration and pay for the designation, the benefits and incentives the employee can be offered etc needs a detailed planning (Boxall Purcell, 2008). For a cabin cres recruitment the hr team needs to plan the criteria for hiring such as the location for which the company needs cabin crew, the areas where the interview would be conducted etc. Selection: The candidate selection is the most crucial part of the entire process. The selection of right employees for the designation would lead to better outcomes and results. The selection process must be divided into certain levels and phases which must be cleared by the employees (Armstrong, 2006). For example, the selection process of cabin crew includes the qualification, the criteria and education for the designation, etc. Training: After selection the next phase is training. Training the employee would provide knowledge and skills needed to perfectly play the role offered to the employees. The employees can get aware to the system and the methodology of the organization followed by the company, through training. Training is a very important aspect of the cabin crew selection as the entire performance of the cabin crew is based on how effectively the training has been provided and how the trainee has learnt it (Boxall Purcell, 2008). Performance management: Performance management is the identification and analysis of the performance of each employee. This can be done by constantly monitoring and assessing the performance of the employees and would help in enriching their performance. Assessment can be undertaken for the cabin crew post the training sessions to identify how effectively the trainees are performing. (DeVaro, 2008). Carrier development: This includes promotion, extra training sessions, and courses for the further education or carrier development. It is very important to make such efforts for better and enhanced performance of the employees. Along with this, motivating the cabin crew employees through benefits, free vacations and leaves, appreciation, incentives, recognition can also affect their performance and could generate better results for the company (Bacon Hoque, 2005). Recruitment strategies and its implementation Recruitment strategies are very closely monitored by the company as it is the basic function of the company that helps to ensure the authorized and the legal practices taken by the company (Boxall Purcell, 2008). The company seems to assure that there is a critical need in the business for human resources that can be appointed as per their knowledge, skills and ability. The business need shows the applications that are conducted by the company to the general public or it may be advertised. Implementation and evaluation With the implementation of the recruitment strategies, the basic elements that are considered by the Airlines are an important aspect that needs to be evaluated as per the business interval (Armstrong, 2006). There are some models that can be approached by the HR manager in the personnel department and a balanced combination of these models may help to maintain the cost effectiveness and the efficiency of the business while hiring the applicants for cabin crew. The training and development need is assessed by the company once the recruitment strategy is being decided by the company. The worker benefits and other needs are taken into account in the personnel department for te cabin crew, while these are already discussed in the hiring process. The hiring process has certain steps that can be followed by the company, while the evaluation of the applicants is a basic requirement when there is a need of worker inventory (Bacon Hoque, 2005). Three Aspects of personnel recruiting There are as such three aspects of the personnel recruitment that the Singapore airlines have decided, since then there are some personnel policies, behavior of the recruiter and the recruitment sources that are being decided by the Human Resource Department (DeVaro, 2008). -Personnel policies Personnel policies of the company include the right to a job and the legal issues that comprise of the job duties and responsibility of an employee. As far as these are standard set of rules and regulations for the cabin crew in the company (Armstrong, 2006). -Recruiter traits and behavior For the recruitment of cabin crew, the recruiter behavior while analyzing the aspect of the knowledge, skills and experience matter a lot. Whereas, there are stress interviews and situational interviews when the recruiter needs to decide about the engagement of the work and its responsibilities (DeVaro, 2008). -Recruitment sources There are two types of recruitment, internal and external recruitment that can be categorized. As such the company has the combination of both which is a profitable (Armstrong, 2006). The cabin crew can be recruited by conducting an interview and assessment session where the cabin crew are interviewed and evaluated within few sessions. Also internal references can work as internal sources of recruitment. Internal versus external recruitment The internal recruitment is a type of reference or the advertisement that is given to the staff while communicating and promoting them to the next level if the employee is applicable for the job application. For cabin crew generally this kind of recruitment is not applicable as the airlines recruit the cabin crew from various external sources after providing effective training. Whereas, the external recruitment is a fresh blood, and is from the basis of advertisements that are given by the company in general while mentioning certain criteria (Bacon Hoque, 2005). Characteristics, behavior and approached for enhancement of the recruiter A recruiter in the airline industry has a designation because of the job responsibilities and the duties that are possessed by him (DeVaro, 2008). For recruiting a desirable candidate for cabin crew, he should have authority on selecting the best among the given candidates. Recruiters behavior includes the understanding and analysis of the given situation and select a candidate for further process. To enhance the impact of recruiter, it is necessary to evaluate the need of the HR and he should have a capability of decision making. Selection strategies and its implementation Personnel selection Selection criteria tools and methods The selection criteria for the position of Junior HR should have a particular method that can be implemented, whereas the information of the candidate should be perfect and it should be verified when it comes to a reliable candidate who can work with the job duties and responsibility, the information and the documents with the selection criteria must be valid (Armstrong, 2006). The method to select a cabin crew candidate much be generalized and should be valid with practical value. There is a high utility when it comes to the legal issues and the set of standards that are adopted by the company for a particular position and especially for cabin crew. Steps in the selection process for cabin crew With the job design and the job analysis, there is a selection process that states that stages and the step when a candidate for cain crew is selected. As such the Airline industry, the profile includes with the knowledge and skills regarding the airlines and their basic knowledge (Bacon Hoque, 2005). With this there are many applications, the best is selected out of the alternatives and all the applicants who are interested need to pass through a particular selection process that is already planned by the company in the HR department (DeVaro, 2008). Step 1- Screening application While the job applications are received with plenty of applicants who have filled the form by reviewing the advertisement, it is necessary to screen the applications that are matching with the job design that has been given by the company. The screening process is the most time consuming process that matches the applicants skills, knowledge and experience as per the job design (Catano et al, 2010). The cabin crew is a critical designation which requires a high attention and requirement criteria. Step 2- Testing Testing the samples or the written test is the first step when the selected and the screened applicants are finally called up for the written exam or an online exam (Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development, 2011). This is the basis of the next level, if passed there is a closed ended interview on the next stage. The cabin crew selection is done in many phases. First phase is the assessment phase where the candidates are screened for the first time. The second phase is the interviews where the selected candidates can attend the interview. Step 3- Interviewing There are types of interviews that are conducted by the company, it includes the stress interview, panel interview, situational interview and conditional interviews. The main process of the selection is interview, which can be face to face or a video call before a final interview (DeVaro, 2008). The team of experienced cabin crew and lead cabin crews and HR managers conduct the interview for cabin crew designation. Step 4- Checking References References and background of the selected applicants fro the designation of cabin crew are checked and the most capable applicant is selected with the job responsibilities and duties as an HR (Djabatey, 2012). Step 5- Final selection Final selection is selecting the best candidate, who is capable of the job title in the Singapore Airline, whereas the job position that was analyzed was Junior HR. Conclusion By understanding the various aspects and factors of personnel management, it can be concluded that any job or designation, requires a high attention for better outcomes. The performance of each individual employee affects and benefits the organization and thus, must be taken seriously (Ezeh, 2012). The phases like identification of the vacancies, job analysis, job design, selection and recruitment processes, training and development etc everything is a vital part of the entire recruitment process and must be carried out effectively by an HR manager. This would lead to better recruitment of the employees and better outcomes for the organization (Ekanem, 2014). References: Anyim, F. C., Ekwoaba, J. O. Ideh, D. A. (2012). The role of human resource planning in recruitment and selection process. British Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 6(2), 68-78. Armstrong, M., (2006). A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice. 10th ed. Great Britain: Cambridge University. Bacon, N., Hoque, K. (2005). HRM in the SME sector: Valuable employees and coercive networks. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 16 (11): 1976- 1999. Boxall, P. Purcell, J., (2008). Strategy and human resource management. Bristol: Palgrave. Catano, V. M., Wiesner, W. H. Hackett, R. D. (2010). Recruitment and selection in Canada (5th ed). Canada: Nelson Education Ltd. Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (2011). Diversity in the workplace: an overview. Factsheet. London: CIPD. DeVaro, J. (2008). The labor market effects of employer recruitment choice. European Economic Review, 52 (2), 283314. Djabatey E. N. (2012). Recruitment and selection practices of organizations: A case study of HFC Bank (GH) Ltd. Unpublished thesis submitted to the Institute of Distance Learning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Ghana: Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Ekanem, E. E. (2014). University Teacher Demographic Characteristics as Determinants of Transformed Human Capital Development in Universities in Rivers State of Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences 4(2), 482 492. Ezeh, C.S. (2012). Education as a tool for Sustainable Economic Growth and Development. Journal of Social Engineering (JOSEN) 2(1), 174 181. Ezeali, B. O Esiagu,L. N (2010). Public personnel management: Human capital management strategy in the 12st century. Onitsha: Book Point Limited. Fidelity Bank Plc. (2013). Our History. Retrieved December 2 2014 from https://www.fidelitybankplc.com/ourhistory.asp Fagbamiye, E. Durosaro, F. (2009). Education and Productivity in Nigeria. Illorin: Nigerian Association for Educational Administration and Planning. Gamage, A. S. (2014). Recruitment and selection practices in manufacturing SMEs in Japan: An analysis of the link with business performance. Ruhuna Journal of Management and Finance, 1(1), 37-52 Henry, O., Temtime, Z. (2009). Recruitment and selection practices in SMEs: Empirical evidence from a developing country perspective. Advances in Management, 3(2), 52-58. Israel, G. D. (2013). Determining sample size. Florida: IFAS, University of Florida. Istvn, J. (2010). Selection methods used in recruiting sales team members. Periodica Oeconomica, October, 110117. Izueke, E. M. (2009). Strategic human resources management in the Nigerian Public Service and the millennium development goals (MDGs): The nexus. Nigerian Journal of Public Administration and Local Government. Xiv (1 2). Katou, A. A., Budhwar, P. S. (2006). Human resource management systems and organizational performance: A test of a mediating model in the Greek manufacturing context. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 17, 1223-1253
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Describe about the International Energy Policy? Answer: Introduction This particular assignment mainly deals with the concept of application of renewable energy. The majority of the countries across different parts of the worlds are introducing the concept of renewable energy (Baker, 2012). There are two types of natural energy. The two kinds of natural energy are renewable energy and non-renewable energy. The majority of the characteristics differ from each other. The major disadvantage of the application of non-renewable energy as it gets gets exhausted. Once it is used, it cannot be renewed. On the other hand, the entire renewable energy can be renewed. Examples of renewable energy are Wind energy, Solar Energy, Tidal Energy, etc. On the other hand, examples of non-renewable energy are coal energy, fossil fuel, etc (Barford, 2013). Due to some environmental degradation, factor the majority of the country adopts the concept of renewable form of energy. There are many disadvantages of non-renewable energy as compared with renewable energy. The major cause of Global warming is the application of non-renewable energy mainly fossil fuel. This particular assignment mainly deals with different kinds initiative adopted by the government of the United Kingdom in order to apply the concept of Renewable energy in different parts of the country. Global warming and Green House Effect Global warming is one of the major environmental problems across the world. This is generally a man made problem across the world (Barford, 2013). The use of non-renewable form of energy mainly fossil fuel is the main reason for globalization. Global warming and the green house effect are considered as one of the major problem across the world (Zhang and Agarwal, 2012). The major gas such as Carbon dioxide, which is mainly responsible for the global warming and depletion of ozone layer act a blanket in the atmosphere which results in trapping heat and results in warming the entire planet (Baker, 2012). The main reason behind for the cause of this particular effect is the burning of fossil fuels mainly all forms of non-renewable energy such as coal, natural gas oil. On the other cutting down of forests and cutting down of tress are also responsible for the cause of both global warming and deforestation (Elagib and Alvi, 2013). There are certain types of waste material and agricultural procedure which results in the releasing other kinds of major gasses which are responsible in cause of global warming. The other two major gasses, which are very much responsible for the cause of green house effects and globalization, are methane and nitrous oxide that forms a blanket in the atmosphere results in trapping heat causes globalization. Energy Policy of the United Kingdom With the rise in the concept of Globalization, the Government of the United Kingdom took much initiative for the introduction renewable energy (Global Warming Punched Up Some 2011 Extremes, 2012). The increase in the temperature level resulting in the globalization and the other hand, increase in green house effect. As compared with the latest statistical report, the last year considered as one of the most successful year in British Parliament. Last year the United Kingdom government passed different kinds of rules and regulation and different kinds of Acts in order to install various forms of renewable energies in the entire United Kingdom. The government of the United Kingdom strongly supports all sources of renewable energy. The government of United Kingdom concludes about all forms of renewable energy (Heffernan, 2013). The implementation on natural source energy (Renewable form) applied in entire United Kingdom. Figure 1: Sources of Renewable Energy (Source: Reed, 2015, pp-96) Implementation on natural source energy (Renewable form) in Northern Ireland Previously the government of Ireland used the implementation on natural source energy (Renewable form) such as solar energy, wind energy, thermal energy, etc in different parts of Northern Ireland. As per the latest statistical report the applications of renewable energies across the country was nearly about 12 percent by 2012. As per the statistical, report of the year 2015 the applications of the entire renewable form of energy in the entire Northern Ireland increased by 3 percent, which rose the percentage to 15 percent (Baker, 2012). It contributes the amount of 3 percent of the entire United Kingdom renewable form of energy. Implementation on natural source energy (Renewable form) in Scotland Scotland is one of the most important nations in the entire United Kingdom. It is well renowned for the application of the renewable form of energy (Zhang and Agarwal, 2012). As per the statistical report of the year 2012, Scotland ended in the highest value of the generating renewable form of energy. The renewable form of energy has reached to 33 percent as per the statistical report of the year 2012 (HERMAN, 2014). It has increase with a percentage of 6 and reached to 39 percent of the electricity demand of the entire country. Implementation on natural source energy (Renewable form) in Wales The implementation on natural source energy (Renewable form) is not that much developed as compared with other United Kingdom Nations (Hoag, 2013). As per the latest statistical report of the year 2012, Wales only contributed about 1 percent of the entire renewable form of energy in its entire country. The contribution is very much low as compared with other United Kingdom countries. Implementation on natural source energy (Renewable form) in England The application of the renewable form of energy in England is well ahead of Northern Ireland and Wales but not ahead of Scotland. The entire contribution of renewable form of energy in the entire England is 13 percent as per the latest statistical report of the year 2012. The percentage has increased to 9 percent and reached to 22 percent of the total contribution of renewable form of energy as per the statistical report of 2015. Countries in United Kingdom Percentage of Consumption Scotland 39 % Northern Ireland 15 % Wales 1 % England 22 % Table 1: Percentage of usage Renewable Energy in United Kingdom (Source: Developed by the Author) Figure 1: Countries in the United Kingdom (Source: Developed by the author) Renewable form of energy in United Kingdom Sources of renewable Energy in UK Applications of Renewable energy in UK Bio Energy 77.1% Wind Power 15.4% Hydro Electric 4.9% Other Sources 2.6% Table 2: Renewable form of energy in United Kingdom (Source: Developed by the author) Figure 2: Renewable form of energy in United Kingdom (Source: Developed by the author) SWOT Analysis SWOT Analysis determines the applications of the Strength, Weakness, opportunities and treats. SWOT Analysis Strength Renewable form of energy and can be easily accessible Unique characteristics differs from each others Needs to have proper Geographical Locations High efficiency and high output Energy Savings concepts Ability to accommodate different kinds of power generation Highest level in the world in energy savings Proper Nuclear concept Proper Thermal Concept Weakness Proper infrastructure needs to be developed Low profitability No experience in Engineering Procurement and Construction (EPC) Requires Huge Financial background Requires huge amount of investments Opportunity Renewable form of energy Provides Environmental Awareness Proper utilization of natural resources Helps to prevent wastage of Natural Resources Meet the demand in emerging countries Increase need for sufficient as well as efficient thermal and wind power generation system Maintains a proper eco system Maintains the greenery of the planet Earth Protects the earth from Global warming Protects the earth from Green House effects Maintains a proper eco system Protects the Planet Earth from heating Treats Overwhelming presence by major competitions Alternative sources Proper investment Proper Applications Impact of SWOT Analysis Strength There are many strengths of implementation on natural source energy (Renewable form) in the United Kingdom. The implementation on natural source energy (Renewable form) is not restricted only in the major countries off United Kingdom. Its application is accepted globally (Jana and Saha, 2011). This particular assignment mainly deals with the applications of renewable form of energy in all the major countries of the United Kingdom (Jana and Saha, 2011). Due to rise in increase in Globalization and increase in the level of Green House Effect of both the globalization as well as the green House Effect has increased the temperature level of the planet. The emission of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere puts a blanket of this gas in the atmospheres that result in trapping the temperature if the planet earth and causes depletion of ozone layer (Kerr, 2013). With the help of the SWOT Analysis Analytical Tool the strength and allocations of the usage of renewable forms of energy in United King dom diversified in this particular assignment. Renewable forms of energy are a form of energy that has different advantages. It has the ability to generate all kinds of power. The Government of United Kingdom has developed different kinds of power station with the help of renewable energy (Ollier, 2013). Tidal energy, Biogas Energy and Wind Energy are the major three divisions, which the government of United Kingdom has developed. On the other hand, it results in the high efficiency output along with energy saving technologies. The application of the different kinds of renewable forms of energy is remarkable in all the major rural as well as urban areas in United Kingdom. Opportunities There are different kinds of opportunities, which make all the Government across the world to develop various forms of renewable energy (PAUDEL and HATCH, 2012). With the application of SWOT Analysis Analytical Tool, the opportunities of renewable forms of energy in the entire United Kingdom diversified (Zhang and Agarwal, 2012). The Government of the United Kingdom has done a remarkable job in order to implement all source of renewable energy keeping in mind the various kinds of opportunities. The main opportunity in the applications of the renewable form of energy it acts as a thermal as well as nuclear form of energy. The government of the United Kingdom is successful in develop a environment awareness among the majority of the people in UK with the help of SWOT Analysis Analytical Tool in the form of renewable energy. The concept of the renewable form of energy helped the government of the UK to meet the extra demand for energy consumption with the help of renewable form of energ y (Reed, 2015). The government of the United Kingdom is very much successful with the implementation of Wind Energy, Solar Energy and Power Energy. Weakness There are several weaknesses, which are found in the application of renewable forms of energy. With the help, SWOT Analysis Analytical Tool the weakness in the application of renewable forms of energy diversified (Stokes, 2012). The first major problem is it requires a huge amount of investment to make a proper infrastructure for the usage of the renewable form of energy. On the other hand, it requires a huge amount of maintenance to meet the required energy sources. It is not possible for a developing country to implement all the resources in order to make a proper structure of the applications of renewable resources. The major problem, which the Government of United Kingdom faced while implementing all forms of renewable energies is lack of experience of Engineering Procurement and Construction (EPC). Threats With the SWOT Analysis Analytical Tool the treats of renewable forms of energy is diversified (Triacca, Attanasio and Pasini, 2013). There is lack of treats in the applications of the Renewable forms of energy. The major treats, which the Government of United Kingdom found is its proper implementation. Conclusion This particular assignment mainly deals with the implementation of Renewable form of energy. The government of the United Kingdom has done a remarkable job in the entire implementation of Renewal Energy. With the help of SWOT Analysis Analytical, Tool the Strength, Opportunities, Weakness and Treats of the renewable form of energy is diversified. The concept of globalization as well as the concept of green house effect is also diversified in this particular assignment. References List Baker, R. (2012). REMOVED: Membrane Solutions to Global Warming.Procedia Engineering, 44, p.5. Barford, E. (2013). Crop pests advancing with global warming.Nature. Barford, E. (2013). Rising ocean acidity will exacerbate global warming.Nature. Climate sciences: Economic link to global warming. (2013).Nature, 503(7475), pp.168-168. Elagib, N. and Alvi, S. (2013). 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